Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  



Legal Matters—With respect to its activities in California, the Company received a report of examination in 2020 from the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (the “CA DFPI”) regarding MoneyLion of California, LLC, MoneyLion’s subsidiary, and a follow-up request for information in May 2021. This matter is ongoing, and the Company intends to continue to fully cooperate with the CA DFPI in this matter. In addition, the CA DFPI is currently conducting an industry-wide investigation of companies that provide earned wage access products and services, including Instacash. The Company intends to continue cooperating fully in this investigation and to that end entered into a memorandum of understanding (“MOU”) with the CA DFPI on February 23, 2021. The MOU requires the Company to regularly provide certain information to the CA DFPI and adhere to certain best practices regarding Instacash while the CA DFPI continues to investigate. Any potential impacts on the Company’s financial condition or operations relating to these CA DFPI matters are unknown at this time.


The Company is also in the process of responding to Civil Investigative Demands (“CIDs”) or other investigatory requests relating to its provision of consumer financial services from the office of the Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Virginia, the New York Attorney General’s Office, as well as the Colorado Department of Law. The Company is cooperating with each of these state regulators and intends to take any corrective actions required to maintain compliance with applicable state laws. The Company cannot predict the outcome or any potential impact on its financial condition or operations at this time.


On September 29, 2022, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) initiated a civil action in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against MoneyLion Technologies Inc., ML Plus LLC and our 38 state lending subsidiaries, alleging violations of the Military Lending Act and the Consumer Financial Protection Act. The CFPB is seeking injunctive relief, redress for allegedly affected consumers and civil monetary penalties. As previously reported, the Company had been cooperating with the CFPB and was in the process of responding to CIDs from the CFPB. The Company believes the CFPB’s claims are meritless and intends to vigorously defend the lawsuit. Nonetheless, at this time, the Company cannot predict or determine the timing or final outcome of this matter or the effect that any adverse determinations the lawsuit may have on the Company, its financial condition or its operations.


As previously reported, the Company has been cooperating with an investigation by the SEC concerning IIA, which primarily held assets from institutional investors and was the Company’s primary source of funding for originated receivables through the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. On November 9, 2022, the Company was informed by the SEC's Division of Enforcement that it has concluded the investigation regarding MoneyLion and IIA and does not plan to recommend that the SEC take any enforcement action.