Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Description of Business and Basis Of Presentation

Description of Business and Basis Of Presentation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Description of Business and Basis of Presentation [Abstract]  



On September 22, 2021 (the “Business Combination Closing Date”), MoneyLion Inc., formerly known as Fusion Acquisition Corp. (prior to the Business Combination Closing Date, “Fusion” and after the Business Combination Closing Date, “MoneyLion” or the “Company”), consummated the previously announced business combination (the “Business Combination”) pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of February 11, 2021 and amended on June 28, 2021 and September 4, 2021 (the “Business Combination Merger Agreement”), by and among Fusion, ML Merger Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Fusion (“Merger Sub”), and MoneyLion Technologies Inc., formerly known as MoneyLion Inc. (prior to the Business Combination Closing Date, “MoneyLion” or the “Company”, and after the Business Combination Closing Date, “Legacy MoneyLion”), a Delaware corporation.


Pursuant to the terms of the Business Combination Merger Agreement, immediately upon the completion of the Business Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Merger Agreement (the “Business Combination Closing”), each of the following transactions occurred in the following order: (i) Merger Sub merged with and into Legacy MoneyLion, with Legacy MoneyLion surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Fusion (the “Merger”); (ii) Legacy MoneyLion changed its name to “MoneyLion Technologies Inc.”; and (iii) Fusion changed its name to “MoneyLion Inc.” Following the Business Combination, MoneyLion Inc. became a publicly traded company, with Legacy MoneyLion, a subsidiary of MoneyLion, continuing the existing business operations. MoneyLion’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “MoneyLion Class A Common Stock”), is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the ticker symbol “ML.”


On February 11, 2021, concurrently with the execution of the Business Combination Merger Agreement, Fusion entered into subscription agreements (the “Subscription Agreements”) with certain investors (collectively, the “PIPE Investors”) pursuant to which, among other things, Fusion agreed to issue and sell in private placements an aggregate of 25,000,000 shares (“PIPE Shares”) of MoneyLion Class A Common Stock to the PIPE Investors for $10.00 per share, for an aggregate commitment amount of $250,000 (the “PIPE Financing”). Pursuant to the Subscription Agreements, Fusion gave certain re-sale registration rights to the PIPE Investors with respect to the PIPE Shares. The PIPE Financing was consummated substantially concurrently with the Business Combination Closing.


MoneyLion was founded in 2013 and is headquartered in New York, New York. MoneyLion provides consumers a full suite of financial and non-financial solutions, bundling proprietary, low-cost financial products with products that are offered through its marketplace and network affiliate partners. MoneyLion engages and educates its customers with daily, money-related and money-adjacent content, delivered through a personalized feed. MoneyLion provides tools for customers to easily manage their spending and saving goals through its digital banking and automated investing solutions and provides customers immediate access to innovative lending or earned income advance products and credit improvement programs. MoneyLion also leverages its distinct data, technology and network advantages to deliver leading embedded finance marketplace solutions for its Enterprise Partners (as defined herein), allowing them to better connect with existing end-users and reach new potential end-users, complemented by advertising services and digital media and content production services custom designed to promote Enterprise Partners’ products and services.


On November 15, 2021, MoneyLion acquired MALKA Media Group LLC (“MALKA”). MALKA is a creator network and content platform that produces digital media and content across entertainment, sports, games, live streaming and other sectors. MALKA’s content capabilities can drive industry-leading customer acquisition and retention at scale to help accelerate MoneyLion’s customer growth. By combining MALKA’s capabilities with MoneyLion’s financial products and extensive first-party data, MoneyLion hopes to turn the MoneyLion mobile application into a daily destination for its customers with personalized content that educates, informs and supports customers’ financial decisions.


On February 17, 2022, MoneyLion acquired Even Financial Inc. (“Even Financial”). Even Financial utilizes its software platform to connect and match consumers with real-time personalized financial product recommendations from banks, insurance and fintech companies on mobile apps and websites by enabling the display of offers for financial products to consumers through its platform. Even Financial’s infrastructure leverages machine learning and advanced data science to solve a significant pain point in financial services customer acquisition, bridging Product Partners and Channel Partners (each as defined herein) via its application programming interface (“API”) and embedded finance marketplaces. The acquisition strengthens MoneyLion’s platform by improving consumers’ abilities to find and access the right financial products to help them manage their financial lives. Even Financial’s network includes over 400 Product Partners and 550 Channel Partners, covering a breadth of financial services including loans, credit cards, mortgages, savings, and insurance products. The acquisition also expands MoneyLion’s addressable market, extends the reach of its own products and diversifies its revenue mix.


Basis of Presentation—The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of MoneyLion Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities (“VIEs”) for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company does not have any items of other comprehensive loss; therefore, there is no difference between net loss and comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.


Reclassification—The acquisitions of MALKA and Even Financial and related ongoing integration activities have caused significant changes to the revenue and cost structure of the Company such that the organization of financial statement line items in both the consolidated balance sheets and the consolidated statements of operations used in prior reporting periods were no longer sufficient to properly present the Company’s financial condition and results of operations as of March 31, 2022. Reclassifications have been performed relative to the previous presentation of the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 and the consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 to present in a new format that better represents the new revenue and cost structure of the Company. The reclassifications had no impact on previously reported total assets, total liabilities or net income (loss) and an immaterial impact on total revenue, net. There was no impact on the consolidated statements of cash flows or consolidated statements of redeemable convertible preferred stock, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity (deficit). There are also related reclassifications and expanded disclosure, where necessary, contained within the notes to the consolidated financial statements.


Receivable funding—Receivables originated on the Company’s platform, including Credit Builder Plus loans and Instacash advances, were primarily funded through Invest in America Credit Fund 1 LLC (“IIA”) until the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. IIA and related special purpose vehicles (“SPVs”) were classified as variable interest entities (“VIEs”) of which the Company had identified itself as the primary beneficiary because it directed the activities of the IIA and the related SPVs that most significantly impacted their economic performance. As the primary beneficiary of the VIEs, the Company consolidated the balances of the VIEs into the financial statements. See Note 1, “Description of Business and Basis of Presentation” in Part II, Item 8 of the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on August 11, 2022, for further discussion of these matters


Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2021, MoneyLion transitioned its primary source of funding for originated receivables from IIA to special purpose vehicle financings from third-party institutional lenders. For more information on the alternative financing sources, see Note 9, “Debt” for discussion of the ROAR 1 SPV Credit Facility and the ROAR 2 SPV Credit Facility and Note 8, “Variable Interest Entities” regarding VIE considerations related to the ROAR 1 SPV Credit Facility and the ROAR 2 SPV Credit Facility.